Topic for the Next Class -- More Hobbies? or Movies That We Like?

Well, I thought people might want to continue talking about hobbies and things we like.

But I also thought some might like to focus on Movies.

Other suggestions are of course also welcome, as always.


Yet Another Version of Click-Scratch Mountain

(This is my westernized interpretation of the classic Japanese fairy tale/legend of revenge against a crop-destroying racoon-dog. I've mixed several versions with which I am familiar, and chosen a somewhat western-style ending.)

(Audio here. 音声はここです。)

A long, long time ago on Mount Tenjou, which is a little south of Edo and west of Mount Fuji, an old man lived with his wife.

They worked hard together, to make enough food to eat. But they had a problem.

A tanuki lived nearby.

Tanukis are like dogs, but with faces like raccoons. They are cute, but mischievous.

This tanuki was not just mischievous, he was mean.

The old man would go out every day to work in his fields and garden, and every day the tanuki would come to play.

First, he would stand on a tree stump and taunt the old man. The old man didn't mind that so much.

Then he would jump off the stump and run around the old man's gardens and fields, making a mess of things.

He would dig up the vegetables, steal the best daikon radishes and satsuma-imo
sweet potatoes, and leave the rest to wither in the soil.

A rabbit who lived nearby tried to talk the tanuki into being nice to the old man.
If you destroy all the old man's food, both he and his wife will die of hunger.
But the tanuki just laughed.
Silly, stupid old man. Be nice? Why bother?
Finally, the old man had had enough. One morning, he set a trap for the tanuki.

He hung a cage over the stump where the tanuki would stand and taunt him.

Then he mixed up some thick rice glue and spread it on the stump.

When the tanuki came, the old man scolded him.
You are rude. And you steal my food. And you destroy what you don't take.

You shouldn't be so bad.
The tanuki pretended to be insulted.
Me, bad? You're just a stupid old man! Stupid gets what stupid deserves!
And the tanuki tried to jump off the stump to run through the garden again.

But he was stuck in the glue.

While he struggled to get loose, the old man dropped the cage on him.

Now the tanuki was sorry.
Let me go! I promise I'll be good! I'll quit messing up your garden!
He cried and whimpered, but the old man tied him up and took him back to the house.

He showed the tanuki to his wife and said,
Now we shall have a treat for our stew tonight.
This made the tanuki really scared.

The old man hung the tanuki up by his feet from a rafter, and then went back to his fields.

The old woman happily started making millet dumplings.

The tanuki thought miserably about ways to escape.

He started whimpering and crying. But the old woman didn't pay any attention.

Then she started pounding rice to make mochi. It was hard work.

When she stopped to rest, the tanuki called to her and said,

That's hard work. You need a rest. If you untie me, I'll pound the mochi for you.
The old woman was tired, and without thinking, said,

Oh, that would be such a big help.
and untied the tanuki.

Now, most tanukis would have just run away, but this tanuki was really mean.

He took the mallet and, instead of pounding rice, hit the old woman over the head with it.

Then he stole the millet dumplings and ran away.

He ran past where the old man was working and stopped and shouted,
Hey, stupid old man! Your stupid wife untied me. So I killed her.
The old man screamed in panic and ran back to the house.

And then the tanuki stole more daikons and satsuma-imos and ran away.

When the old man got to the house, his wife was lying on the dirt floor, moaning in pain.

His neighbor, the rabbit, heard his screams and came running, too.

Together, they took care of her wounds and put her to bed.

When they had made sure that she would be okay, the rabbit said,
This time he has gone too far. He might actually have killed her. You take care of your wife, and I'll take care of that tanuki.
The old man thanked the rabbit and turned his attention to his wife.

The rabbit thought about how to stop the tanuki, and made some plans.

The next day he visited the tanuki, as if nothing had happened, and said,
You know, there is lots of kindling wood and grass on the mountain. If we go gather it, we can sell it in the village.
Making money sounded good to the tanuki, so he agreed to go gather grass and kindling with the rabbit the next day.

But he got up early, and went before the rabbit, and gathered all the good kindling wood and grass.

When the rabbit arrived, the tanuki was carrying it all back down, tied on his back. He said,
Sorry, there's no more good wood or grass.
And the rabbit said, 
Oh, well, I guess I'll head back down, too, then.
The rabbit walked behind and, while they talked, struck flint against a blade.
Click. Scratch.
The tanuki was surprised.
What's that click-scratch sound?
And the rabbit answered.
Well, you know, they call this mountain, "Click-Scratch Mountain."
The tanuki didn't know any such thing, but he was embarrassed to admit it.
Oh, yeah. That's right.
And the rabbit continued,
It's for the call of the click-scratch birds that live on this mountain.
After they had walked a little further, some sparks from the flint had taken hold in the grass in the tanuki's bundle.
Crackle. Pop.
Again, the tanuki was surprised.
Did you hear crackling and popping?
And the rabbit answered.
Well, you know, they also call this mountain, "Crackle-Pop Mountain," for the call of the crackle-pop birds that also live here.
The tanuki didn't know whether to believe this, but, before he could ask more questions, he felt the heat on his back.
Oow! Ooh! Hot! Hot! Ouch! Owwwwww!
And he ran all the way down the mountain, which only fanned the flames and made the fire burn hotter.

By the time he reached the river and jumped in, he was very badly burnt.

The rabbit followed behind. He called from the bank,
Are you hurt? I'm sorry I couldn't keep the crackle-pop birds out of your wood.
The tanuki crawled back to the bank, and the rabbit helped him back home.

He had a suggestion.
I have some salve that should help that burn.
And the tanuki said,
Oh, thank you.
But what the rabbit had prepared was a paste of cayenne pepper and salt.

On his way to get the paste, he stopped by the old couple's house.
How is she doing?
The old man said,
She's feeling better today. I think she'll be okay, if I don't have to keep that tanuki out of our food.
So the rabbit told him,
I don't think you'll have to worry about him for a while.
And he explained how the tanuki was going to need time to heal from his burns.
Oh, dear.
said the old woman from her bedroll.
You could have died.
the rabbit said.

The old woman answered,
But we were going to eat him. Don't hurt him any more, please.
So the old man took some real salve and visited the tanuki with the rabbit.

When the tanuki saw the old man, he got scared. But he couldn't move.
Uhm. Hello. I'm sorry I hurt your wife.
She's feeling better today. Maybe she'll be okay. You're hurt.
The tanuki thought for a moment and then said,
I'm sorry I stole your vegetables and destroyed your garden.
Are you, now? Well, we have some salve that should help your burns.
The tanuki didn't know what to think.

The old man continued as he dressed the tanuki's burns.
If I don't have to keep you out of my vegetables for a few weeks, I should be able to nurse her back to health.
And the tanuki said,
You won't have to worry about me any more.
So the rabbit took care of the tanuki, and the old man took care of his wife.

After a while, when everyone was healthy, they all got together for some soy bean soup.

Then they became friends.

And the tanuki started helping the old man with his gardens and crops instead of destroying them.

And the old man and woman shared their vegetables with their friends, the rabbit and the tanuki.

And the tanuki was no longer mean. He was still mischievous, but he was no longer mean.


October 27th Vocabulary And Phrases -- 単語および表現

We talked about hobbies and favorite things.
hobby (・ビー)
favorite (フェー・ヴォ・リット)
[Examples below may or may not have come up in the lesson.


What are your hobbies?

May I ask, what kind of hobbies do you have?

What do you like to do in your spare time?
spare time
What's your favorite thing to do?

** 例えば
spring (スプリング)
movie (ムー・ヴィー)
映画、動画 ( "move" + "-y"、「動きそうなもの」)


I like to go to (the) hot springs.

I like to watch movies. [映画を見るのが好きです。]
I like watching movies. [映画を見ている状が面白いです。]
I like to go to the movies. [映画に行くのが好きです。]
I like going to the movies. [映画に行ったりするのが好きです。]

I like to golf. [ゴルフをやるのが好きです。]
I like golfing. [ゴルフしている状態が面白いです。]
I like to go golfing. [ゴルフしに行くのが好きです。]
I like going golfing. [ゴルフに行ったりするのが好きです。]

I like to cook. [お料理するのが好きです。]
I like cooking. [お料理の状態が面白いです。]
I like to cook okonomiyaki. [お好み焼きをお料理するのが好きです。]

I like to bake cookies and cakes. [クッキーやケーキを焼くのが好きです。]
I like baking.  [焼いている状態が面白いです。]

I like to run. [マラソンすること]
I like running.
I like to listen to music. [音楽を聴くこと]
I like listening to music.
I like to take naps. [昼寝・一眠りすること]
I like taking a nap.

I like fashion. [ファッションが好きです。]
I like making fashionable clothes.
I like books and music. [本と音楽が好きです。]
I like reading books and listening to music.

I like cars and movies. [車も映画もすきです。]
I like driving cars and watching movies, but not at the same time.

I like popular culture.

My favorite thing to do is write computer programs.

My favorite thing is to make clothes.
[「make clothes」の代わりに「sew」でも「sew clothes」と言ってもかまいません。]

My favorite thing is to lie on the grass and watch the clouds go by.

My favorite clothes are all natural cotton.
clothes, clothing
[同音異字:clothes (服), close (閉める) →クローズ]
[同音ではない:clothing (服), closing (閉めている最中の状態)]
[同音ではない:close→クローズ (閉める), close→クロース (近い)]

I like to make my own clothes.
~ own A
自分自身の A
my own A
私自身の A
your own A
あなた自身の A
I like to get into a hot bath.
I like to soak in a hot bath.
hot springs
take a bath
I don't like mosquitoes. Mosquito bites itch.
mosquito (モ・スキー・ト)
mosquito bite (モ・スキー・ト バイト)


Let's find out more.

Do you like movies?

What's your favorite movie?

What's your son's favorite movie?

[いきなり「Who do you like?」と聞かれたら、どいう誰かがわからないのです。]

Do you like listening to music?

Who's your favorite singer?

Does your daughter like music?

Who's her favorite singer?

Do you like reading books?

Who is your favorite author? [作家、著作者]

Does your teacher like books?

Who is your teacher's favorite author?

What singers do you like these days?

What authors do you read?

Where's your favorite place to visit?
Were do you like to go?

What kind of cakes do you like?

What kind of cakes do you like to bake?


Talking about other people.


My son's favorite movie is Frozen.

My daughter's favorite movies are the Harry Potter series movies.
series (セィ・リーズ)
My mother likes to sew clothes. [服を縫うこと]

I have many clothes that my mother made.
have A
A を持つ、 A が有る
My sister likes to look for cloth to make clothes with.
cloth (klアth〜"cloth" の最後の "th" は濁っていません。)
My uncle likes to wear Hawaiian shirts.
wear (過去: wore, 過去分詞: worn)  
put A on B (過去: put, 過去分詞: put)
AB に取り付ける
put {clothes} on, put on {clothes}
{clothes} を着る、{clothes} を身に着ける

I put my favorite shirt on this morning.

I wore my favorite short this morning.


Talking about hobbies and interests.


This movie's just too long.
[この場合、 "movie's" は "movie is" の省略です。]
just (ジャスト)
The Incedible Hulk is a movie about a famous comic book superhero, Hulk.
famous (フェー・マス)
comic book

I make a lot of the clothes for my family.
I make many of my family's clothes.
a lot of A, lots of A
A の沢山
Do you use nuts in your cookies and cakes?

Adding nuts to my cookies and cakes makes them more nutritious.
make A
A の状態を作り出す、A になるようにする(A にさせる)
make nutritious
These donuts are good! [このドーナッツ、おいしい!]

I make them myself. [自作です。]

You put chopped walnuts in your donuts. [クルミを入れています、ね。]

It adds to the nutritional value. [栄養分を増す]
chopped, minced
Donuts that you buy at the store are not nutritious.

My wife often adds walnuts to her salads.

Have you ever made yakisoba with almonds or walnuts?

No, I haven't. [(そんなのをやったことが)無い。]

How about broccoli?

Sometimes I make yakisoba with broccoli. Sometimes I do that.

Are nuts nutritious? [栄養ある?]

Nuts are full of nutrients. [栄養たっぷり。]

How do you make your yakisoba sauce?

I make my own yakisoba sauce with plums, apples, persimmons, prunes, raisins, tomatoes, shredded daikon radish, minced ginger root, minced onions, finely minced garlic, cinnamon, nutmeg, black pepper, and cumin.
I make my own A.
自分独特の A を私が作ります。
with B
B を使って
I don't believe you. [そんなのは信じられない。]

I make the sauce fresh in the frying pan.

Then I just stir-fry the rest of the ingredients in with the sauce as I go.

What else do you put in your yakisoba? [それ以外は?]
Well, cabbage, of course.

Do you ever go to a hot springs?

I'd like to, but I don't have time.

Sometimes I go to the public baths to relax.

Public baths are kind of like hot springs, but you are not in the middle of nature.
Soaking in a hot springs is very relaxing.

The minerals in the water make your skin smooth.
But if you soak too long, your skin becomes wrinkled.
become (=be+come) A
A になる
[become wrinkled == get wrinkled]