[JMR201804301216: Backed up here. ]
[JMR201804301216: Backed up here. ]
A letter of reference is a lttle different from a letter of recommendation, and a reference is not a guarantor.
letter of reference:
You provide a letter of reference to give someone an idea of what sort of person you are.
A referee is completely irrelevant to letters of reference. When you think "referee", think of the guys who call the plays in football and other sports.
[This is not exactly true in the field of law. I'm talking about letters of reference for school and job applications.]
So I have put together a little sample conversation to help understand the concept and the usage.
Hana: Professor Williams!
Prof.: Uh, hello.
Hana: Do you remember me? Hana Kinoshita.
Prof: Uhm, sorry, give me some more clues.
Hana: I took your class in foreign language teaching methodologies at Nanboku University seven years ago.
Prof.: Nanboku University ... Ah, yes, I remember teaching there. I was also teaching at Touzai University at the same time.
Hana: Oh, dear. I was hoping to ask you for a letter of reference.
Prof.: You would get a better letter of reference from a tenured professor, I'm afraid.
Hana: But I was hoping for a letter of reference for the methodologies class. I'm applying for post-graduate teacher training at a college in the US.
Prof.: Well, if I were at my desk where I could look at my records, I might remember better. Can you send me an e-mail to refresh my memory?
Hana: Oh, well, I guess I can.
Prof.: And maybe you should get a letter from one of the tenured professors, as well.
Hana: I'll try. Can you write down your e-mail address for me?
Prof.: Got a pencil?
Don't worry. Forgotten but not forgotten.
To: jill7williams (at) groupmail.net
From: hana.yesterday (at) rose.readmail.ne.jp
Subject: Letter of reference I asked for today
Dear Prof. Williams,
Thank you for taking time for me this aftenoon.
I was a student in your foreign language teaching methodologies class at Nanboku University in 2010.
One of the things I remember you teaching were methods of engaging the student. You demonstrated how pretending to forget what words mean can be used to invite the students to help in class.
I really appreciated the teamwork assignments. You had me leading a team twice, once in techniques for elementary schools and once in techniques for high schools.
Sometimes it was hard for me to finish on time because I was also taking a class in using novels as a teaching tool, and had to demonstrate use of four novels for that class over the semester. You helped me several times when I was having trouble getting projects ready to turn in.
I need a letter of reference for Southwestern Teachers College in New Mexico. Could you write one for me? I am asking one of the tenured professors, as well, at your suggestion.
The address to send the letter to is
Southwestern Teachers College
Santos Pisces, New Mexico 99999
Please let me know if you can.
That's a little formal for e-mail, but this is a formal request.
Note that prompting the memory, as Hana does here, is okay, especially because Professor Williams asked for help remembering.
Asking the professor to say specific things is usually considered a breach of protocol.
To: hana.yesterday (at) rose.readmail.ne.jp
From: jill7williams (at) groupmail.net
Subject: Re: Letter of reference I asked for today
I have checked my records and refreshed my memory.
I recall encouraging you to work hard on the novels class.
I also recall you falling asleep a couple of times in class because you had been practicing late for the drama club. Remember to use those drama techniques in your classes.
I will be happy to send your letter of reference (and I won't mention the falling asleep in class ;-).
I checked the address for Southwestern Teachers College. The best place to send letters of reference for graduate school applicants is the graduate admissions office, so I will send it there.
Let me know how things go at STCNM.
This is where Hana's involvement ends.
The letter should usually be sent by regular post (physical mail) directly from the professor to the school.
大概は、教授本人がこの letter of reference を直接その学校に送るべきです。
If a professor can't send a positive letter of reference for some reason, the professor should decline, to allow the student to find someone who can.
なんらかの事情があって生徒のためになる letter of reference を送ることができない場合、教授は控えて、生徒が別の方に、参考になる人になってもらえるようにするべきです。
[Scene 14, A Woman of the Camp --
N: Narrator, K: King,
J(SW): Snow White, in disguise as the servant, Jane,
C: Councilor, S1 & S2: two Soldiers,
AB: the King's armor bearer, R/M: Runner/Messenger,
P: Prince of the Enemy camp]
S1: The Queen's Maid is a sight to be seen.
N: The young woman was watching the night sky at the edge of camp.
C: You should keep your thoughts and your eyes in check, soldier.
S2: But you have eyes for her too, I think.
C: I am bound by the Queen's orders. I must watch her.
If she comes to any harm, I come to the same.
S1: Cruel. They say the Princess and the Maid look alike.
C: I can tell them apart when they are together.
S2: They say she is only inferior in beauty to the Queen.
And the Princess, of course.
C: They have loose lips.
N: Both soldiers busied themselves with the camp fire for a moment,
then returned to watching the soldiers on guard duty around the camp.
S1: The Slow Moon is high.
N: The Councilor looked quickly at the soldier who had spoken,
then at the other, who was again watching the young woman.
C: I don't know that I would say that.
N: The soldier who had spoken only nodded.
C: Jane. Isn't it time to retire?
J(SW): Yes, I suppose it is.
N: In a prearranged signal, Snow White, in her disguise as Jane,
stretched and looked first at the larger Slow Moon,
then at the smaller Fast Moon.
Having thus told her friends trailing the camp that she was safe,
she returned to campfire.
J(SW): I will retire now.
With both moons high tonight, I think I could read,
C: The Princess spoils you, teaching you to read.
J(SW): It is only that I may better serve their Majesties.
C: So they say. So they say.
N: The trip to the battlefront took most of a week.
C: Your Majesty, I bring supplies and news.
K: That is good.
J(SW): And the Princess's Maid,
with a charge to serve you as you need.
K: I see.
N: And the King saw more than the Councilor, of course.
C: I don't see how she can help.
K: You must be tired from the journey.
J(SW): Shall I tend to your wounds?
K: I think you should. Councilor, how about the supplies?
C: I shall see to them, sire.
N: When the Councilor was out of hearing,
the King's Armor Bearer signaled to him.
K: I must say, I am not surprised, although it is against my orders.
J(SW): You have not had your wounds properly dressed.
K: I am not the only man with wounds in the camp.
AB: I will send for bandages and medicine.
J(SW): I shall need help by the river.
There are herbs for dressing wounds there.
AB: Then I shall call for someone.
J(SW): See that the Councilor is made aware that I go.
K: He did not use the signs.
J(SW): He does not trust your Advisor.
K: Then he is not
N: Snow White put her fingers to the Kings lips.
J(SW): We work with whom we must.
K: You've learned your lessons maybe too well.
N: On the third day that Snow White, in disguise, was in camp,
the enemy Prince raised a flag of parley.
C: It's a trick.
K: See that our allies are informed.
C: Send signals to the camps of the allies.
S1: What shall I inform them of, sir?
K: I am meeting with the Prince of the enemy to arrange parley.
Jane, you will attend me.
J(SW): I hear and obey.
C: She will just be in the way, Sire!
K: I thought you knew, Councilor, that the servants of the Palace
are trained in all the arts and service of the court.
C: I shall prepare to attend.
K: I think I won't need your help.
J(SW): But, M'Lord, he would take news back to the Kingdom.
K: Then, Councilor, I must put you under oath.
You must remain silent during the meeting.
C: By the King's word.
K: And there may be news which you will not be able to tell.
[JMR: Written between 21 January and 7 July 2017, and posted on 7 July.]
[Scene 13, The Bad News --
N: Narrator, A: Advisor,
Q2: the 2nd Queen,
M: Mayor, C: Councilor,
R/M: Runner/Messenger, Jane: Snow White's personal servant,
MM: Magic Mirror]
Q2: Councilor, we must send you to the battlefront for information.
C: What? Battlefront?
M: Your Majesty. It is our pleasure to serve.
C: Where is Snow White?
Q2: She did not take the news very well.
M: What news?
C: Is there trouble?
A: You sent for me, Your Majesty?
Q2: Thank you for hurrying, Advisor. I know you are busy.
A: The Queen's word is my only command.
Q2: Runner, please tell these men the news you have.
R/M: The King is wounded, and the soldiers do not fight.
There are shortages of food and supplies in the camp.
C: We must send someone!
Q2: Who but yourself would you suggest?
M: Quite right, Councilor. Quite right.
Who else would be free to go?
Q2: Advisor, you will see to it that the King knows
he can trust the Councilor.
A: Your Majesty. Not that.
Q2: How else shall he know whom he should trust?
A: Very well. I shall see to it after preparations are complete.
Q2: The Princess is very disquieted. No one is allowed to disturb her.
A: No one, M'Lady?
Q2: Only I and her personal servants may see her.
J: Your Highness?
J: If it please the Queen, I seek permission to attend the King
for the Princess in the camp.
Q2: Is this by the Princess's request?
J: It is.
Q2: Then you shall also represent me in the camp.
J: I hear and obey.
C: Your Majesty!
Q2: See that there is sufficient preparation.
Jane must be allowed to attend to the King in every need,
and she must be brought back safely.
M: Is it wise?
C: She will be in danger.
J: I am understand the dangers.
Q2: If she comes to harm, I will require it of you.
C: It is a hard thing you require.
N: But Snow White disguised herself and traded places with Jane.
And Jane resigned herself to staying in the Princess's rooms,
occasionally showing her silhouette at the window.
R/M: See how the Princess worries.
M: It is past midnight. She should be asleep.
C: She must be very worried.
N: Before they left, the Advisor privately gave the Councilor
secret signs to give to the King.
A: These will assure the King that you speak for us.
C: Are they necessary?
A: It is by arrangement with the King, to show
how much he can trust your reports.
C: Thank you. I shall go now.
[JMR: Written between 21 January and 6 July 2017 and posted 6 July.]
[Scene 12, Rumors --
N: Narrator, A: Advisor, SW: Snow White,
Q2: the 2nd Queen, who was no longer a confused and scared Woman,
M: Mayor, C: Councilor,
R/M: Runner/Messenger, Jane: a Servant, Tom: another Servant,
MM: Magic Mirror ]
M: Is the King alive? Has he been injured?
R/M: The King is alive and leading the armies.
C: Are the women of the camp tending to the injured?
SW: You are both of you just horrid.
M: Oh! Snow White! I didn't know you were around.
I'm sorry to cause you to worry about your father.
SW: I don't think you are sorry at all.
Q2: Be careful how you speak of such things,
in the castle, or in the hearing of the people.
C: But you must both prepare yourselves for the eventuality.
Q2: What eventuality?
M: That the King might not return.
C: Or that he might not return alone.
SW: You have both disobeyed a direct order of the Queen.
M: But we have business with your majesties.
Q2: Why do you talk of a war which you yourselves will not fight?
C: It is about the war. We must send supplies. We need money.
M: Or, indeed, the King might not return.
SW: Jane, call the Advisor.
J: He is outside the castle, M'Lady.
T: The Mayor and the Councilor asked him to see to the crops
when he returned with the Runner.
Q2: Then send for him.
J: I go.
Q2: Until he comes, you two may sit in the conference chamber.
Tom, you will see that these two gentlemen are made comfortable there.
T: I will see to them, M'Lady.
N: The Mayor and the Councilor left with Tom, though not willingly.
Q2: I am afraid for us all.
R/M: Fear is a careless messenger. It is useful, but not as a commander.
SW: Don't be afraid, Mum. Things will work out.
Q2: What if they don't work out very well?
A: If we do our best, only God can judge us.
Q2: Oh! Advisor!
SW: And He will judge us well and faithfully, in the end.
Q2: You weren't gone?
A: I obey the Queen. But I have sent some men we can trust,
to check the crops.
Q2: Tell us the full news, faithful Runner.
R/M: The King has been injured.
SW: How badly?
R/M: The wounds are not mortal.
He still leads both in battle and in parley.
SW: Is ... how ...
Q2: Is he recovering well?
R/M: He is. Do not lend your ears to rumors, my Majesties.
SW: Thank you.
A: How goes the war?
R/M: All parties grow weary of the fighting.
Q2: Why does it continue?
R/M: Our agents tell us that our enemies are being paid to fight.
SW: Of course. Is it clear yet who buys their service?
R/M: Rumors, your Majesties.
SW: These are rumors we must hear.
We will judge for ourselves of their truth.
R/M: Indeed. The money seems to come from partisans
within our own country and the countries of our allies.
A: Are these rumors reliable?
R/M: Proof is hard to come be. There is one more rumor.
Q2: Let us hear it.
R/M: The money is drying up and the partisans are seeking new sources.
Q2: That explains why the Mayor and the Councilor come asking for money.
SW: Do not speak of this last rumor outside this room.
R/M: I hear and obey.
SW: You are all my good friends. Tell our friends I will miss them.
Q2: Miss them?
A: We must protect the Queens.
N: And the Queen, the Princess, and the Advisor made plans
with their most trusted servants and court officials.
[JMR: Written between 21 January and 6 July 2017 and posted on 6 July.]
[Scene 11, The Plotters Plot --
M: Mayor, C: Councilor]
N: Some people think plots are more important than kingdoms.
M: How much longer can we pay the enemies to keep fighting us?
C: Not much. We are running out of money.
M: What about the kingdom's treasury?
C: The Queen and the Advisor check the accounts.
M: You said she would be easy to control.
C: She was once.
M: She thought she loved you once. What happened?
C: I guess the King is a better man than I am.
M: She really loves the King, I guess.
C: Snow White has more control over the Queen than I do now.
M: Fear makes it easy to control people.
M: We must make them afraid for the King.
Fear turns people's hearts.
[JMR: Written and posted 5 July 2017.]
I talked a little about body temperature a year ago, in the January 2016 lesson.
And I explained about Fahrenheit vs. Celsius/Centigrade in a post on my math and English blog, several years ago.
Just for fun, I'll put a short conversation about both body and environmental temperature up here.
Jun: Hi, Honey, I'm home!
Sherry: Jun, I'm not feeling very good.
Jun: Oh, dear. You don't look so hot, either. Where does it hurt?
Sherry: All over.
Jun: Have you taken your temperature?
Sherry: I took it an hour ago, but it wasn't especially high.
Jun: Let me check.
(Jun touches Sherry's forehead, then her neck under her chin, with the inside of his wrist.)
Jun: You're kind of warm. Where's the thermometer?
Sherry: It's on the table.
Jun: Well, let me get the futon out so you can lie down, and let's take your temperature again.
(Jun spreads the futon in the tatami room and puts the feather quilt on it while Sherry sits in the kitchen.)
Sherry: Is it cold outside?
Jun: Yes. It's very cold out there. I think it's below zero.
Sherry: Really! Oh. Wait. You mean zero degrees Celsius.
Jun: Yeah. Sorry. What is that, below thirty-two degrees Fahrenheit?
Sherry: That's still cold, but not as cold. Suddenly I want to know what the temperature is outside.
Jun: We'll check after we check your temperature. Get under the covers and put this under your arm. Get it snug in your armpit.
Sherry: You're tickling me.
Sherry: That's okay. Back in America, we put the thermometer under the tongue. The armpit doesn't transfer heat very well, so the temperature tends to read low.
Jun: Maybe that's why you guys think thirty-seven is normal, where we think it's a low fever.
Sherry: Maybe so. There's a song my dad liked, called Ninety-eight Point Six. It wouldn't be the same in Japanese.
Jun: I guess it means normal body temperature?
Sherry: Yeah. Healthy. Feeling fine. He's happy to have her back.
Jun: There's the thermometer.
Sherry: It's beeping.
Jun: What's it say?
Sherry: Hey, ninety-eight point six.
Jun: Then what could be the problem?
Sherry: Maybe it's not a problem. I think I want to throw up.
Jun: Oh! Wow! What do you want me to do? Pickles and ice cream?
Sherry: Hawaiian pizza with Canadian bacon and jalapeños would be nice. If I can hold it down.
- I'm home!
- Hi, Honey, I'm home!
- feel well
- feel good
- "feel well" の砕けた言い方
- look hot
- 暑そう => 気持ちを熱くする外見をいう意味で使うこともある。
- don't look so hot
- What's the matter?
- 「物体はなんだろう？」 => 「どうした？」、「何があった？」など
- What's the problem?
- 「問題はなんだろう？」 => 「どうした？」、「何があった？」など
- Where does it hurt?
- どこが痛い？ => どこが悪い？ => What's the problem? と同じ
- (（°華氏） - 32 ) × 5 ÷ 9
- （°摂氏）× 9 ÷ 5 + 32
- 華氏 32度
- put 〇〇 under □□
- that is why
- where 〇〇
- low fever
- high fever
- 華氏 98.6度
- 摂氏 37度ぴったり
- be the same
- happy to 〇〇
- have her back
- What could be the problem?
- throw up
- 上に投げる => 胃袋から投げると考えて、吐き出す
- hold it down
- 抑える => 食べても吐き出さないこと
Useful phrases: 便利な表現：
- Do you feel well?
- 体調大丈夫？ => Are you okay?
- I ache all over.
- high/low temperature
- normal temperature
- Are you hot/cold?
- Is it hot/cold outside?
[JMR201702211306: I forgot to talk about temperature in the lesson, so I posted some extra material about that.
We talked about the weather and the seasons for about an hour.
- Do you like ○○?
- I like ○○.
- I don't like ○○.
- ○○が好きではありません。 （○○が嫌です。）
- time of year
- rainy season
- them all
- ... spring into summer, fall into winter
- Spring into summer, fall into winter.
- Which season do you like ((the) best)?
Which is your favorite season?
- I like ○○ ((the) best).
○○ is my favorite (season).
- I like them all.
- I don't like the cold. (heat)
- 寒さが苦手です。 (厚さ・熱）
- I like warm weather. (cool, hot, cold)
- 暖かい天気が好きです。 （涼しい、暑い、寒い）
- Rain makes me feel clean.
- I like the rain because it makes me feel clean.
- I love the rain, for it cleanseth my soul.
- 雨が大好きなわけは、私の魂を洗い清めてくださるのです。 （諺）
- 汗かく、汗が浮かぶ （上品な言い方に思われる）
- Men sweat.
- Women perspire.
- Men sweat, women glow.
- 男性は（動物らしく）汗をかくが、女性は潤しで輝く。 （諺）
- Summer makes me sweat.
- get to ○○
- ○○をやらせてもらえる （○○してもいい、○○ができる）
- In summer I get to sweat.
- Winter makes me cold.
- In winter I get to ski. (go skiing)
- 冬はスキーをやってもいいです。 （スキーに行ける）
- On Valentine's Day, I get to give my friends chocolate.
- go on vacation with my family
- go to hanami
- go swimming
- sleep late
- make snowmen
- walk the dog
- hanami, flower (cherry/plum) blossom(s) festival
- go to the cherry blossom festival
go watch the cherries blossom
go watch the flowers bloom
- 花、開花、花が開く （若い花、実が生る前の花）
- 花、開花、花が開く （一般の花や実が生らない花）
- (flower) pollen
- hay fever, pollen allergy
- I like fall because it's not (so) cold.
- I don't like spring because of flower pollen. I get hay fever.
- Spring gives me hay fever.
- I like to take walks in (the) spring.
- 春に散歩するのが好きです。 春の散歩が好きです。
- I like to take walks in the rose garden in spring.
- get ○○
- get cold
- get warm
- get crazy
- go crazy
- It drives me crazy.
- It drives me up a wall.
- Winter is more fun when you have a nice warm place to go home to.
- It's like, skiing is more fun when you can go inside and get warm after skiing all day.
- hurricane: ハリケーン（カリブ海やメキシコ湾を中心に）
- cyclone: サイクロン（インド洋を中心に）
- typhoon: 台風（日本などを中心に）
- tornado, twister, cyclone
For the last half hour, we played the card game AGO.
最後の三十分 AGO というカードゲームを遊びました。
"AGO" is pronounced "A-go".
The rules are simple and the cards give the players a chance to practice speaking English.
I hope to see you all in March!
Or anything else. I'm also preparing a little game.
The notes for the lesson are now up.
I put up some extra material for temperature, both body and weather.
Student: Matthew Sensei, What's your favorite season?
Matthew: Oh, winter, ... spring, ... summer, ... and fall.
And the rainy season, too.
I love the rain, for it cleanseth my soul.
さて、冬かな… 春かな… 夏かな… 秋かな。
Student: Huh? Speak Japanese, please!
Matthew: I like them all. Rainy season, too.
Student: All? Why? Isn't winter cold?
Matthew: Sure. But if we spend all summer trying to get cold, why not enjoy the cold when we have it?
Student: You're kidding.
Matthew: Well, winter is more fun when you have a nice, warm place to go home to.
Student: Oh. Like skiing is more fun when you can go inside and get warm after skiing all day.
Notes for the January 2017 PTA English Class
We talked about Seijinshiki, New Year's resolutions, and New Year's celebrations.
- come of age, become an adult
- Coming of Age Ceremony
- Coming of Age Day
- 未成年者 （小さい、少ない、二流）
- age of majority, legal age
- voting age
- (legal) drinking age
- cancel class(es)
- cancel school, cancel classes for an entire school
- cancel classes for an entire grade, cancel the grade
- It was snowing (there) for three days.
- It was like a ski resort.
- driver's license
- general celebration
- local celebration
- How do you celebrate 〇○?
- We celebrate ○○ with □□.
- street clothes, everyday clothes, daily wear, plainclothes (police officer), usual dress
- formal dress/wear/clothes
- Sunday best, Sunday dress/clothes
- church clothes/dress
- dress up
- dress down
- We celebrate Seijinshiki (Coming of Age Day) by dressing up and attending a lecture on the duties of adults.
- spinning tops
- New Year's resolution
- lose weight
- lose ten pounds
- My new year's resolution is to ○○．
- clean up, straighten up, organize
- organize my life
- dust the furniture
- sweep the floor
- mop (the floor)
- wipe the floor
- Each sport has its own words for a meet or game.
- win a tournament
- inside and outside
- be beautiful
- be beautiful both inside and outside
- beauty is as beauty does
- gain strength
Then we made up a dialog, imagining picking up a foreign friend at the airport on January 1st:
Friend: Happy New Year!
One-of-Us: Welcome back to Japan.
And Happy New Year to you, too.
Friend: Long time no see!
One-of-Us: Hungry? Let's go for lunch.
[(Are you) hungry?]
["go for lunch" => "go to lunch"]
Friend: Sounds good.
One-of-Us: Whaddaya want?
[What do you want (to eat)?]
Friend: Sushi! Soba!
One-of-Us: How about o-sechi?
Friend: What's that? What's o-sechi?
One-of-Us: O-sechi is new year's food.
Friend: Sounds interesting. I'll try it.
[ここで、 "try" => 「試食」]
(But think flexibly. あやふやに考えて下さい。
These are not rules, just suggestions. ルールよりも、提案と考えて下さい。
(It has been a) long time (with) no (chance to) see (you).
It has been a long time since I've seen you.
I haven't seen you in a long time.
It's been a while.
(Are you) hungry?
Let's go for lunch.
Let's to to lunch.
Food that we eat at New Years
A special dish for new years
I have a similar example here.
While we were waiting to start, I played Gavin Sutherland's "Sailing", both the Sutherland Brothers version and Rod Stewart's version that was a really big hit.
始めるのを待っていた間、 "Sailing" という曲を流しました。これは作曲・作詞の Gavin Sutherland to 兄弟の Sutherland Brothers が出したバージョンも、有名歌手の Rod Stewart が出した大ヒットになったバージョンもあります。
This scene was in the wrong place. It has been moved to here:
Snow White, as a Play, scene 10, The Stepmother's Feelings Change
(Please update your bookmarks, if any.)
[Scene 10, The Stepmother's Feelings Change --
N: Narrator, C: Councilor, M: Mayor,
Q2: the 2nd Queen, who was a vain and confused Woman,
SW: Snow White, MM: Magic Mirror, A: Advisor ]
N: The Mayor and the Councilor teased Snow White and her Stepmother incessantly.
C: I wonder when the King will return?
M: Where is he now? Is the battle going well?
N: The Councilor taught the Queen some finer points of horse riding.
C: You are far too delicate a creature to ride this way.
Why does the King leave a woman such as yourself alone so long?
Q2: Maybe I should not let you teach me to ride horses.
N: The Mayor discussed the course of the war.
M: The women of the camp need more medical supplies.
I wonder who is tending the King's wounds?
SW: Mum, I would like to join the women of the camp.
Q2: I would, too. But it's too dangerous, my dear.
N: The New Queen felt the weight of responsibility keenly.
Q2: Oh, Snow White, they ask me to make decisions that I don't understand.
SW: We should leave those decisions to Father's Advisor.
Q2: The Advisor is always out on the business of the court.
SW: Then we should make the Mayor and Councilor wait.
N: Sometimes, the Stepmother Queen consulted her magic mirror.
Q2: Mirror, mirror, on the wall, ...
MM: You keep asking me questions that you should be asking yourself, or God.
Q2: But I have no confidence.
MM: You are the Queen. You have the King's Advisor. You have Snow White.
You need patience. And to be careful of whom you listen to.
Q2: It is hard to be patient.
N: Little by little, the Mayor and the Councilor poisoned
the Stepmother Queen's heart.
M: If he really loved you, I'm sure he could make time
to take a break and come home to visit.
C: Maybe he has found someone more beautiful than you.
Q2: There is no one alive more beautiful than I to the King.
Snow White explained to me how the King feels.
C: And what about your step-daughter?
M: If the King ever does return, and if he should give you children,
won't she come before your own children?
N: The Stepmother Queen made herself distant from Snow White.
SW: Mum, can we go for a picnic?
Q2: I am so tired. Maybe not today, honey.
N: Then the Mayor made a shocking suggestion.
M: If Snow White should meet an accident in the forest,
there would be no one between you and the King.
Q2: You are evil. Leave, now.
Never say such things to me or anyone else, again.
N: The Stepmother Queen mentioned this to Snow White.
SW: They are not friends of my father.
I once asked him why he allowed them to remain in office.
Q2: What did he say?
SW: He said that the people had chosen them.
Q2: But surely the King could overrule the choice.
SW: The people must be free to make bad decisions.
Q2: He said that?
SW: If the people will not choose good, the King cannot save them.
If he tries, it will only spoil the people and ruin the kingdom.
Q2: Your father's wisdom is greater than I knew.
Are you afraid of me?
SW: I am a little afraid. Not of you. For you.
But I must trust you.
Q2: Is it wise for you to trust me?
SW: If we fight, it will destroy both of us.
And it will destroy the kingdom.
We have no choice but to trust each other
Q2: How did your father train you so well?
N: But the Stepmother Queen could not shake herself loose
of the Councilor and Mayor's influence.
Eventually, she asked the King's advisor a shocking question.
Q2: What would happen if you and Snow White were in the forest hunting,
and she should meet with an accident?
A: The Mayor and the Councilor have been teasing you again.
Q2: They have. But is it safe for her to go hunting with you?
A: I wonder whether it would be safer to leave her here with
only you against the wolves.
Q2: I see what you mean.
A: Sometimes I think I should take you with us, as well.
But the duties of the court demand otherwise.
I really am sorry to ask you to fight these battles alone.
Q2: I think I'm learning, but I'm scared.
[JMR: Written and posted 21 January 2017.]
[Scene 9, Insecurity, Accidents, and Intrigue Plague the Royal Household --
N: Narrator, VW: the 2nd Queen, who was a Vain Woman,
M: Mayor, C: Councilor, A: Advisor, SW: Snow White ]
N: The New Queen became distraught, waiting for the King.
VW: There must be no one more beautiful in the kingdom than I when he returns!
SW: Mum, Daddy will be okay.
And, to him, no one living is more beautiful than you.
M: Besides yourself, Snow White, of course.
You worry too much, my Queen.
C: I'm sure he has hasn't found anyone new.
M: He would be too busy on the battlefield.
C: Of course, he can't be fighting all the time.
A: Can't you two leave well enough alone?
VW: Snow White, I need to think. Can we go for a picnic?
SW: That sounds like a great idea, Mummy.
A: I'll come with you.
VW: No need. We won't go far.
SW: Let's go pack some yummy food.
N: The New Queen thought she knew a place in the woods where Snow White had never been.
VW: Isn't this a beautiful place?
SW: Yes, it is. I like to come here when it snows.
But don't tell Daddy, he would worry.
N: They finally found a place where Snow White didn't say she had been before.
VW: This looks like a nice spot.
SW: I don't remember having come here before.
It's a little wild, but that makes it all the more fun.
N: They ate their picnic and watched the woods animals and talked for a while.
VW: Do you really think that the King thinks I'm beautiful?
SW: My father sees the real you, just like I do.
VW: That kind of scares me.
SW: I'm not sure you see the real you when you look in the mirror.
You are more beautiful than I think you know.
VW: Thank you for coming with me. I feel much better, now.
SW: I'm glad.
VW: Do you miss your mother?
SW: Sure I miss her. But you're my Mum, too.
I think Momma likes you.
N: When she heard that, the New Queen repented.
And they returned to the castle together, laughing and singing.
C: Back already?
A: They've been gone for four hours.
I was about to organize a search party.
M: You worry too much.
N: One day, while the King's Advisor was out hunting, the Mayor and the Councilor suggested another picnic.
VW: Is it safe?
C: I'll go with you. See, we've packed a picnic already.
We can ride horses, to run fast if there is trouble.
SW: We haven't been outside the castle grounds for a while.
It might be fun.
N: Snow White's horse was not feeling well.
SW: She's off her feed. Poor girl.
M: You can ride mine.
He's well trained.
VW: Maybe we shouldn't go.
C: You both need a bit of diversion.
N: They rode into the woods.
Suddenly, something spooked the Mayor's horse.
The horse ran away, carrying Snow White deep into the wilder part of the woods.
VW: Oh, dear! I knew we shouldn't have come.
C: Don't try to follow her. It's not safe.
We'll have to go back.
I'll send some guards to find her.
VW: I really should learn how to ride a horse better.
I could try to catch up to her.
C: I can teach you.
N: Back at the castle, the Mayor and the Councilor made elaborate search plans.
VW: Can't we hurry?
She must be frightened!
M: We have to ensure everyone's safety, of course.
N: By the time they were ready, the King's advisor was back.
Snow white was with him.
They were carrying the game he had taken on their horses.
A: Well, I'm glad everyone made it safely back.
M: Oh, dear ...
VW: Oh, thank you, dear God!
Snow White! You're okay!
A: She knows more about the woods around here than most of the people in our kingdom.
SW: Mum! Councilor! I found the most wonderful spring in the woods.
Is the picnic still packed? Let's go back!
A: I trust there will be no more accidents?
C: I'll make certain of that.
N: And they had a nice little picnic.
That night, the Stepmother Queen talked with the King's Advisor.
VW: I don't think I am to be trusted.
A: I trust you more than I trust certain others.
VW: I am not sure I can defend myself from them.
I know I can't defend Snow White by myself.
A: We'll have to be more careful.
[JMR: Written and posted 21 January 2017.]
We'll probably talk about New Year's resolutions and winter holidays.
Maybe we'll play some of the parlor games we have been learning.
Maybe we'll sing "Auld Lang Syne".
Maybe. I never know for sure.
At long last, here are notes from last years lesson.
And, at long last, here are the notes from this years lesson.
Also, here is a sample New Year's greeting conversation.
At the airport, Nanami is heading home for winter vacation:
Alice: It's no problem, love.
It won't be in our way.
It'll all be waiting here for you when you get back.
Take care of yourself.
You missed the fireworks.
How were your holidays?
Nanami: I had a wonderful time at home.
But I'm glad to be back.
Alice: Tell us about it on the way.
We must have your family come visit sometime.
Art: Indeed. Got your stuff? Let's go.
Landmarks (a sample)
|Kōmyō-ji Temple |
Photo by Corpse Reviver, edited by Joel Rees
Licensed under GFDL or CC BY-SA 3.0
(Version with Japanese 日本語入りのバージョン)
Example Presentation (minimum level):Komyoji is a Buddhist temple.
It is located in Katō City, Hyōgo, Japan.
You can throw plates off of the mountain for good luck.
It has a nice view.
The autumn leaves at Komyoji are beautiful.
The nearest train station is the JR Takino Station.
You should visit Komyoji Temple.
Example presentation (high level):
It takes about an hour to hike to the temple from the station.
|JR Takino Station|
by 沙羅星人, edited by Joel Rees
Courtesy of Wikipedia:
Assigned to the Public Domain
This is an example of projects I sometimes use in teaching English.
The students choose a landmark (in this case) outside of Japan and find information about it.
Then they make a poster and present some of their research during class.
We use it to help the students gain confidence in composition and in making presentations in English.